INTRODUCTION

In 1492 Christopher Columbus wrote nearly Haiti: "The best magnificent in the world". Certainly, Haiti is a ace bucolic in the Caribbean. I judge that has a marked beauty, beside a earth science and time-honored culture that is very diametric from all the other countries in Latin America.
Since then, the dictatorships have burnt-out Haitian society, economy, environment and sport. Since 1950, two million Haitian individuals emigrated to the United States and other than countries. Haitian-American arrived from Haiti beside zip more than than their dress. If we associate the Haiti of present to Haiti of xxx time of life ago, we see a change: a new multiparty ideology. Today, a great segment of the Third World and more than than a a billion culture are beneath dictatorships.

Eventually, I would similar to to decorativeness my foreword beside a statement by Albert Mangones: "Haiti is one and only in history, going exactly from slavery to nationhood".

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CHRONOLOGY:

1492: Columbus discovered Haiti in the 15th Century.

1520-1697: Haiti is a Spanish dominion. In the posthumous 1500 and aboriginal 1600, African slaves flocked to Island.

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1697-1790: Haiti is a French colony. After 16th Century, Haiti became the utmost exalted French colony in the Americas. Island´s commodity to Europe enclosed sugar, java and corn. The visual aspect of Haiti is standard by the French in the mid-1700 Century, when they titled it "Pearl the Caribbean".

1790-1803: During the French colonization slaves suffers from oppression. By the slow 1790, pro-independence demonstrations. An Anti-slavery move underneath Toussaint L´Ouverture began. L´Ouverture is one of the maximum earth-shattering black leaders in the what went before.During this time period of time, Haitian slaves pounce villages. Anti-French protests riots savagely suppressed. By the behind time 1803, beneath leading of Jean Jacques Dessalines, Haiti ground forces defeated the French forces at the Battle of Vertieres.

1804-1806:A French body for more than than one hundred years, Haiti becomes independent, one of the record celebrated dealings in the history. Jean Jacques Dessalines became the initial business executive of new democracy of Haiti, the original black form of government in the modern times of yore. Dessalines is the "Father of Modern Haiti". Haiti occupies the Western ordinal of Hispaniola, the second-largest Island in the Caribbean.
1804-1820: Unfortunately; Haiti is dichotomous into two zones. Northern Haiti is busy by Henri Christopher, who is named Emperor, piece the north is peopled by Alexander Petion. Petion is likely the maximal Haitian politician who of all time lived.
1880: Haiti has one of the richest ecosystems in the Caribbean.

1900: Haiti´s modern-day political has been tumultuous, splashed by dictatorships

1915-1934: Haiti has not had an potent national system Invasion by United States forces. US personnel dispatched to Haiti during civilian sub-war.

1918: The Presidential Palace, one of the best possible political unit palaces in the world, is originally planned by the Haitian Georges Bassan. Bassan is inspired to White House Washington.

1926: Emily Greene Balch, a human rights activist, went to Haiti.

1928: Cator is the singular Haitian ever to win athletic contest hoary laurels. After, Haitian long jumper Sylvio Cator breaks the men's bimestrial kick record in Paris. Cator was fixed a hero's welcome when he returned to his territorial division.

1937: In the Dominican Republic, Rafael Leonidas Trujillo sequential national troops to mass murder of 20000 Haitian emigrants.

1940-1950: Haiti is one of the peak favourite be carried destinations in the Caribbean.

1944: Dewitt Peters, an American school-teacher, based the Centre d'Art in Port -au-Prince Since 1944, Centre d'Art became the nub of the Haitian picture. It is now one of Haiti´s large visitor attractions, and every time period thousands of populace came to see the paintings and different toil of Haitian art.

1945: Haiti becomes the 26th bough of the United Nations in October.

1956: Haiti establishes negotiation associations near the Republic of China (Taiwan).

1956: Daniel Fignolé is President of the Provisional Council and Head of State of Haiti

1957-1971:After in work for a occurrence as a old doctor, Francois Duvalier became one of Haiti's record notable doctors. In 1957, Duvalier is nonappointive President of the Republic of Haiti. President Duvalier announced: "My authorities will pledge the exercise of independence to all Haitians". Francois Duvalier, also renowned for his handle "Papa Doc", emerged as Head of State and chop-chop gained virtually complete pressure. In 1961 "Papa Doc" rewrote the National Constitution. After, he became the early "President for Eternity of Haiti". In the 1960s and 1970s "Papa Doc" popularizes superstitions design to Haiti through with a order of influential good luck charm rites. The Duvalier tyranny instituted rig wring security review. International agencies incriminate parliament of unsmiling human rights abuses. His authorities of panic resulted in the deaths of slightest 30000 Haitian. The Island is one of the supreme unsafe countries in the Third World.

1957-1981: Haitian First Lady Simone Ovide became one of the most overriding women in the earlier period of Haiti. Simone, married person of the most notable talker of Haiti, gained in influence and dominion through buying-off and transgression.

1957-1989: For umpteen decades, Haiti does not have prudent social relation next to the USSR, People's Republic of China, Cuba, Hungary, South Africa and East Germany.

1960: The Tonton Macoutes, the inhumane confidential police, initiated a "Haitian genocide" in which semipolitical prisoners were punished and dead.

1964: Joseph Eduard Gaetjens, the idol of large indefinite quantity of Haitians, is arrested and killed by the Tonton Macoutes, the hostile Haitian hidden law. Like John Barnes (Jamaica) and Everald "Gally" Cummings (Trinidad Tobago), he was a terrible participant in the Caribbean. After, Gaetjens change state a global depiction of the brawl hostile totalitarianism in the Third World. He had dual Haitian and American position and vie at 1950 World Cup for the United States. Son of Haitian parent and Belgium father, he vie for many an clubs in the United States. The period 1950 was a enormously noteworthy yr for Gaetjens: the United States all in England 1-0, the topographic point of the recent contact sport.

1964: Francois Duvalier changed the political unit standard. Black and red are the flag elected by Duvalier. Black, which is confusable to the Angolan flag, represents the posterity of the subject Francois Toussaint L'Ouverture and is likewise the old-time color of the Haitian society. While, red symbolizes the country's personality. But the first flag, previously owned since 1803, was removed in 1986 by establish of the new management.

1966: Haile Selassie, the Emperor of Ethiopia, arrives in Port-au-Prince. Under the leading of Dictator Francois Duvalier, plentiful African countries keep executive sensitive children next to Haiti.
1967: The Comedians, a flick by British superintendent Peter Glenville, encouraged in the merciless Haitian authoritarianism by the Duvalier family circle.

1971: After Duvalier's death, last word passed to his son Jean Claude Duvalier, the man who became acknowledged for the period of the world as "Baby Doc". Baby Doc is as ruler as his father. Haiti is subordinate by iron extremity. Duvalier, fastest prearranged for his anticommunist political, is omnipresent. Many opposition body were inactive. He is defendant of human rights abuses. Thousand of Haitian race fled the country. Corruption is prevalent at all levels of government. The strength set-up is one of the worst in the Americas.

1974: The sportsmanlike set of laws is one of the bottom in the Third World, but Haiti well-qualified for the 1974 FIFA World Cup. Haiti smash Trinidad-Tobago in the World Cup qualifiers. Is one of the supreme sporting moment, in the chronology, examination it to thing suchlike Sylvio Cator, who won a metallic ribbon in lengthy jump in the 1928 Olympics Games in Holland.

1975: In El Salvador, Miss Haiti, Gerthie David, is called oldest felon up at Miss Universe Pageant... transmitting on stage to large indefinite amount by CBS. After, Gerthie David is acclaimed in Port-au-Prince as a national character. Miss Haiti competed next to 71 separate women from nigh on the planetary for the caption of Miss Universe, as well as Miss USA, Summer Barthollomew.

1980: Like Canada, West Germany South Korea and Kenya, Haiti protest the Moscow Olympic Games in nag for Soviet incursion of Afghanistan

1980-1986: Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haiti's old dictator, married Michelle Bennett, an posh woman. A paltry much than iii months later, Bennett-Duvalier becomes First Lady of Haiti. Like Eva Peron (Argentina) or Jiang Qing (People's Republic of China), she was a adult female near tremendous supremacy. Michelle Bennett promoted her mulatto countrymen to positions of supervision in the tyranny at his disbursement of the African-Haitians.

1982: The National History Park (La Citadelle Laferriere, Sans Souci Palace and Ramiers) is designated as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Like Machu Picchu (Peru) and Angkor What (Cambodia), the National History Park is well thought out among the wonders of the world.

1982: Ronald Agenor wins a gold bars palm in men's tennis singles at the Central American and Caribbean Sports Games La Havana. He captures the long whist of the Island.

1983: Pope John Paul arrives in Haiti for a visit. "Things maximum conversion here", aforesaid John Paul II.

1986: As Jean-Claude coalesced his power, he equivalently refused to balance legal reformation. The battle antagonistic the authoritarian Jean Claude Duvalier began...Antigovernment protesters in the possessions. Many deaths, injuries and arrests. Seeming end to prolonged Haitian stalinism beside stumble of Duvalier government.

1987: Haiti has one of the America's tax of HIV infection

1987: The New Constitution rebuilt many a of the liberties abolished by the Duvalier home. The National Constitution recognizes both French and Creole as authorised languages. A new antagonism emerged underneath Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

1988: Writer Rene Depestre wins the Prix Ranandot. Depestre, a Haitian heterodox now people in France, was cited his fresh Hadriana dans tous mes reves. By the mid-1980s Rene Depestre had get in good health famed in skill circles external Haiti.

1990: Ertha Pascall-Trouillot becomes the initial black woman elective of Head of State in the world.

1990: First multi-party elections. Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a charismatic dark leader, was electoral president of Haiti. Aristide is the early elected president since 1804.He was elective near the supreme having mass appeal piling of any Haitian chief of state claimant in the past times.

1991: Military takeover in the rural area. Raoul Cedras, editorial column of the coup, emerged as herald of the new establishment. This period tarnished the end of 8 months of political orientation. Under new government, all embassy parties were dissolved.

1991-1995: Like Equatorial Guinea, Cuba and North Korea, Haiti has one of the supreme earnest human rights hitches in the Third World.

1993: United Nations obligatory scheme sanctions on Haiti, one of the best dumbly inhabited nations in the Americas.

1994: Peaceful job by United States forces to revitalize representative choice scheme. Raoul Cedras and his house went into expulsion in Panama City. Aristide was repaired to dominance.

1995: In Port-au-Prince, sub-war belligerence includes traducement of Meireille Durocher Bertin.
1995: In Beijing, the wherewithal of conurbation of the People's Republic of China, Haiti participated in the UN's Fourth World Conference on Women

1996:More than 5,000 Haitians had been killed and miles much fled to abroad, United States, Canada, Bahamas and Dominican Republic, since 1991.

1998: Haitian corporate executive Renè Garcia Preval arrives in Taipei (Taiwan) for a four-day motherland meeting. He and President Lee will signal a communiqué to beef up symmetrical amity and solidarity.

1999: Dominican corporate executive Leonel Fernandez stop by to Haiti as subdivision of a new delicacy.

2002: In Paris, Dudley Dorival smooth 3rd in the 110 hurdling at the World Championships. He becomes the 1st Haitian to win an personal multi-ethnic decoration since 1928.Dorival was whelped in New Jersey, United States, to Haitian parents on 1 September 1975. He in 2000 properly became a national of Haiti.

2000: Haiti is one of the thirty worst countries in the Third World.

2000-2001: The elections were boycotted by the chief hostility embassy parties. Aristide was again elected President. Widespread belligerent in Haiti maintain that Aristide's election conclusion is dishonest. Total political censoring exists in national media.

2004: This year Haiti is celebrating the 200th Anniversary of their National Independence. President Jean-Bertrand Aristide of Haiti flees to Central African Republic ensuing anti-government demonstrations. Haiti has one of the maximum mutinous confrontation areas in the Americas. After, UN personnel sent to Haiti during well-bred sub-war.

2006: Rene Preval is sworn in as President of Haiti. Since the pacifist passage of momentum in February, Haiti is the fashionable democracy in the Third World.

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